2008: the year of meditation and mindfulness
There are 4 different forms of meditation within medicine have been on their value.
1. The most familiar is the mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) by Professor John Kabat-Zinn, who for 30 years in the regular health care focus on meditation and has a lot of research has established. The value of MBSR has been studied and shown to a large number of disorders.  An example of this was at the end of 2008 in the leading Journal ‘the American Heart Journal published.In the so-called Support, Education, and Research in Chronic Heart Failure (SEARCH) program showedmindfulness a positive effect on depression and anxiety in heart patients, and even measurable effects on the symptoms of heart failure.  There are positive effects found in many other diseases, and cancer!  A study was even measurable positive effects on cellular level in HIV patients. 
2. A variant of the above: the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). This is a hybrid betweenmindfulness and cognitive therapy, especially in patients with chronic depression helps not again in a period of depression can be reached. (by Segal, Teasdale, Williams)  Also, post-stress symptoms with mindfulness to deal with .
4. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). (Hayes, Stroshal, Wilson) 
These 4 forms are all based on Buddhist meditation techniques. The essence of all these forms of meditation consists of 3 parts:
1. Formal practice: Focus on breathing, focus on the body with the so-called body scan and the broadening of the focus on different senses.
2. Informal part: any time of day attention add to the present activity. In particular, at any time the focus on breathing. This informal part is very important to a slow meditative, relaxed state to develop.
3. Mindfulness in motion: or Yoga or Qigong, moving and adding attention to the action.
Meditation brings you into another state of being, which is more comprehensive, and measurable impact on all biological levels, the frequency of breathing and that of the brain waves.
In a recent study Zen meditator was seen, for example, that the pain experienced during meditation is less measurable.  There are clear and measurable changes in brain activity during meditation.   And not only , the brain mass is through regular meditateren again.  Train Your Brain … The researchers suggested that even the aging process can be countered with meditation:These findings suggest that the regular practice of meditation may have neuroprotective effects and reduce the cognitive decline associated with normal aging.
Mindfulness is also useful in acute stress that occurs at high health workers in emergency situations.
- meditation and mindfulness have great value for doctors and health workers, both as a stress reduction and stress prevention, as well as a tool for patients to coach, and
- meditation and mindfulness in chronically ill patients can be of great value in the process, in reducing anxiety and depression, and in improving the quality of life.
fects on gray matter volume and attentional performance in Zen meditation. | Neurobiol Aging. | 2007 Oct; 28 (10) :1623-7. Epub 2007 Jul 25.