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2008: the year of meditation and mindfulness

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Meditation is Good for You! That has become clear based upon many different studies. In 2008 there was an abundance of research into the value of meditation for medicine. Studies by modern imaging techniques such as MRI have shown that meditation a deep and lasting effect on us and our nervous system. There are nearly 800 publications from 2008 to about meditation in the largest medical database that we have, Pubmed. That is not nothing. More and more areas of medicine, the value of meditation for patients discovered and rediscovered. And doctors and other health workers are discovering the value of meditation as a stress-reducing technique in their turbulent medical work.

 


 

Four types

There are 4 different forms of meditation within medicine have been on their value.

1. The most familiar is the mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) by Professor John Kabat-Zinn, who for 30 years in the regular health care focus on meditation and has a lot of research has established. The value of MBSR has been studied and shown to a large number of disorders. [1] An example of this was at the end of 2008 in the leading Journal ‘the American Heart Journal published.In the so-called Support, Education, and Research in Chronic Heart Failure (SEARCH) program showedmindfulness a positive effect on depression and anxiety in heart patients, and even measurable effects on the symptoms of heart failure. [2] There are positive effects found in many other diseases, and cancer! [3] A study was even measurable positive effects on cellular level in HIV patients. [4]

2. A variant of the above: the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). This is a hybrid betweenmindfulness and cognitive therapy, especially in patients with chronic depression helps not again in a period of depression can be reached. (by Segal, Teasdale, Williams) [5] Also, post-stress symptoms with mindfulness to deal with [6].

3. Dialectical behavior therapy, dialectic behavioral therapy (DBT) with mindfulness is used in patients with eetstornissen and borderline personality disorders. (Linehan) [7]

4. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). (Hayes, Stroshal, Wilson) [8]

These 4 forms are all based on Buddhist meditation techniques. The essence of all these forms of meditation consists of 3 parts:

1. Formal practice: Focus on breathing, focus on the body with the so-called body scan and the broadening of the focus on different senses.

2. Informal part: any time of day attention add to the present activity. In particular, at any time the focus on breathing. This informal part is very important to a slow meditative, relaxed state to develop.

3. Mindfulness in motion: or Yoga or Qigong, moving and adding attention to the action.

Meditation brings you into another state of being, which is more comprehensive, and measurable impact on all biological levels, the frequency of breathing and that of the brain waves.

Positive effects 

In a recent study Zen meditator was seen, for example, that the pain experienced during meditation is less measurable. [9] There are clear and measurable changes in brain activity during meditation. [10][11] [12] And not only , the brain mass is through regular meditateren again. [13] Train Your Brain … The researchers suggested that even the aging process can be countered with meditation:These findings suggest that the regular practice of meditation may have neuroprotective effects and reduce the cognitive decline associated with normal aging.

Mindfulness is also useful in acute stress that occurs at high health workers in emergency situations.[14]

Meaning 

These are just some of the positive effects of meditation in medicine. Meditation is both for the doctor and therapist as well as for the patient is of great importance:

  1. meditation and mindfulness have great value for doctors and health workers, both as a stress reduction and stress prevention, as well as a tool for patients to coach, and
  2. meditation and mindfulness in chronically ill patients can be of great value in the process, in reducing anxiety and depression, and in improving the quality of life.
IOCOB in collaboration with other organizations a comprehensive Mindfulness program developed for medical professionals and business, consisting of elements of mindfulness in silence, and mindfulness in motion.
www.zenbiz.nl
www.unthink.us
 
Heart Sutra 
This classic Buddhist text summarizes the essence of those meditation.
Great Wisdom of the Heart Sutra.
When a sincere truth seeker attains the wisdom or enlightenment, he realizes that all the five senses are empty and he transcendental every Suffering.
All things are no different from emptiness, emptiness is not different from all things. Form is emptiness, emptiness is form. Feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness åre also like this.Listen: The original nature of all things is neither born nor extinguished.
There is no purity, no parade of lading, no gain, no loss.In this world of emptiness there is no form, no feelings, perceptions, impulses, or consciousness. No eye, ear, tongue body, or mind. Therefore, no color, sound, smell, taste, touch, or thought. The world does not exist or form, nor the world of the mind or of ignorance, no old age and there is no death.Yet continuous ignorance, old age, and death.There is no Suffering, no cause of Suffering, Cessation or no Suffering, no wisdom and no beginning because there is nothing to be attained. The compassionate truth-seeker depends upon the wisdom or enlightenment.
When the mind does not become attached to anything, there are no obstacles and fear does not exist.This goes beyond all disruptive mind views and attains Nirvana. All the Buddhas of the past, present and future depend upon the wisdom and enlightenment – and so attain the supreme, wisdom and enlightenment as the great unexplainable is true, the great shining true word that is able to remove all Suffering. It is true, not false.
This is true of wisdom says: Gyate Gyate Hara Hara Gyate So Gyate Bodhi Sowa Ka. 


References

[1] Ludwig DS, Kabat-Zinn J | Mindfulness in Medicine. | JAMA. | 2008 Sep 17; 300 (11) :1350-2.
[2] Sullivan MJ, Wood L, Terry J, Brantley J, Charles A, McGee V, Johnson D, Krucoff MW, Rosenberg B, Bosworth HB, Adams K, Cuff MS. | The Support, Education, and Research in Chronic Heart Failure Study (SEARCH): a mindfulness-based psycho-educational intervention improves clinical symptoms and depression in patients with chronic heart failure. | Am Heart J. | 2009 Jan; 157 (1) :84-90.
[3]: Biegler KA, Chaoul MA L. Cohen | Cancer, cognitive impairment, and meditation. | Acta Oncol. |2009; 48 (1) :18-26.
[4]: Creswell JD, Myers HF, Cole SW, Irwin MR. | Mindfulness meditation training effects on CD4 + T lymphocytes in HIV-1 infected adults: A small randomized controlled trial. | Brain Behav immune. |2008 Jul 19. [Epub ahead of print]
[5]: Michalak J, Heidenreich T, Meibert P D. Schulte | Mindfulness predicts relapse / recurrence in major depressive disorder after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. | J Nerv Ment Dis. | 2008 Aug; 196 (8): 630 — 3.
[6]: Gordon JS, Staples JK, Blyta A Bytyqi M, Wilson AT. | Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Postwar Kosovar Adolescents Using Mind-Body Skills Groups: A Randomized Controlled Trial. | J Clin Psychiatry. | 2009 Jan 17 . PII: ej07m03828. [Epub ahead of print]
[7]: Lynch TR, Chapman AL, Rosenthal MZ, KUO JR, Linehan MM. | Mechanisms of change in dialectical behavior therapy: theoretical and empirical observations. | J Clin Psychol. | 2006 Apr; 62 (4) :459-80 .
[8]: Varra AA, Hayes SC, Roget N, G. Fisher | A randomized control trial examining the effect of acceptance and commitment training on clinician willingness to use evidence-based pharmacotherapy. | J Consult Clin Psychol. | 2008 Jun 76 (3) :449-58.
[9] Grant JA, Rainville P. | Pain Sensitivity and Analgesic Effects of Mindful States Zen meditator: A Cross-Sectional Study. | Psychosom Med. | 2008 Dec 10. [Epub ahead of print]
[10]: Hölzel BK, Ott U, Gard T, Hempel H, Weygandt M, Morgan K, D. Vaitl | Investigation of mindfulness meditation practitioners with voxel-based morphometry. | Soc Cogne Affect Neurosci. |2008 Mar; 3 (1 ) :55-61. Epub 2007 Dec 3.
[11] Cahn BR, Polich J. | Meditation (Vipassana) and the P3a event-related brain potential. | Int J Psychophysiol. | 2008 Sep 23. [Epub ahead of print]
[12]: Pagnoni G, Cekic M, Guo Y. | "Thinking about not-thinking": neural correlates of conceptual processing during Zen meditation. | PLoS ONE. | 2008 Sep 3, 3 (9): e3083.
[13]: Pagnoni G, Cekic M. | Age ef
fects on gray matter volume and attentional performance in Zen meditation.
 | Neurobiol Aging. | 2007 Oct; 28 (10) :1623-7.
 Epub 2007 Jul 25.
[14]: Waelde LC, Uddo M, Marquett R Ropelato M Freightman S, Pardo A, J. Salazar | A pilot study of meditation for mental health workers following Hurricane Katrina. | J Trauma Stress. | 2008 Oct 21 ( 5) :497-500.

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